Nutshell Grammar

Concisely explores important topics that you need to understand to get the most out of Satori Reader, with an emphasis on clear example sentences. (Ongoing)

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Episode 1
Welcomes you to the series and jumps right into our first topic.
Notes: Covers "the same," "the same as X," and "the same X as Y."
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 13779
Episode 2
Takes up the main way of saying that two things differ in Japanese.
Notes: Also looks at the use of chigau to mean "wrong."
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 5127
Pro
Episode 3
Lays the foundation for understanding the ubiquitous word for saying two things are alike.
Notes: You has a lot in store for us, but we'll take it one step at a time.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 3081
Pro
Episode 4
Moves to the next step with you, using it before nouns.
Notes: Also considers the two slightly different meanings of a phrase like "a food like ramen."
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 1797
Pro
Episode 5
Looks at a way to say that two actions occur at the same time.
Notes: Also considers whether the order of the two actions is meaningful (hint: it is).
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 1630
Pro
Episode 6
Lays the foundation for understanding another use of you to talk about "kinds" or "sorts."
Notes: This is the basis for the expressions kono/sono/ano/dono you na X.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 1433
Pro
Episode 7
Builds on the previous lesson by using sentences before you na to create more elaborate kinds.
Notes: Also considers the difference between this and a plain relative clause.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 1206
Pro
Episode 8
Takes up a special use of suru that turns up in expressions like oto ga suru, ki ga suru, and many more.
Notes: Also considers the question about the proverbial tree falling in the lonesome forest.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 1192
Pro
Episode 9
Applies what we have learned in previous lessons to adverbial phrases, allowing you to talk about "running like the wind" or "eating like a horse."
Notes: Also considers you ni following full clauses, allowing you to create phrases like, "as I explained yesterday..."
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 1064
Pro
Episode 10
Introduces the use of no to stand in for a recently mentioned noun.
Notes: This will lay the foundation for an even more interesting pattern in the next lesson.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 1031
Pro
Episode 11
Introduces a new pattern that utilizes the no from the last lesson.
Notes: Includes pairs of questions and answers that utilize the new pattern.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 865
Pro
Episode 12
Wraps up our discussion of no to stand in for a person, place, thing, time, or reason with lots of drill sentences.
Notes: Drills on reformulating both questions and statements.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 843
Pro
Episode 13
Builds on our previous discussions of you to introduce a new function: reporting information the speaker believes is reliable.
Notes: Also contains a lengthy note that breaks down the different permutations of past and present in "it seems" sentences.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 897
Pro
Episode 14
Explores a special case of sentences using "reliable information" you.
Notes: A rule and a sub-rule! But don't worry. We'll talk it through together.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 826
Pro
Episode 15
Explores one of the two big uses of sou, to report hearsay.
Notes: Also introduces an expression that means "according to (a source)."
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 760
Pro
Episode 16
Eases into this topic by exploring a simple pattern that works everywhere, then introduces a new verb form that acts as a shortcut.
Notes: Also includes a comparison of similar verbs that conjugate differently.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 908
Pro
Episode 17
Continues our discussion by diving deeply into the standard way to use the potential in sentences.
Notes: Also notes a different way to use the potential that is gaining acceptance.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 695
Pro
Episode 18
Takes up alternate forms of the potential for seeing and hearing, with discussion of why and when these forms are used.
Notes: Also looks at the common combination kikoete kuru.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 666
Pro
Episode 19
Introduces an important new word and looks at the most basic use of it, which lays the foundation for other uses.
Notes: Includes the patterns tame da, tame no (noun), and tame ni (phrase).
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 603
Pro
Episode 20
Expands on tame ni by looking at how it can connect two phrases: a purpose, and an action undertaken for that purpose.
Notes: Also contains a discussion of when this pattern is appropriate and when it is not. These principles will be elaborated on in the next lesson.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 587
Pro
Episode 21
Takes up the final big use of the multi-talented word you: to connect an action deliberately taken to an outcome that is not directly controllable.
Notes: Also compares and contrasts to the similar (phrase) tame ni (phrase) pattern.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 628
Pro
Episode 22
Builds on the previous lesson by looking at several key patterns this you appears in.
Notes: By the end of this lesson, you will officially know all the main uses of this powerful little word!
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 541
Pro
Episode 23
Takes up the first and easiest of the four main ways to form the conditional in Japanese.
Notes: Also includes related patterns that this to appears in, such as the pattern for expressing a hope or suggesting a course of action.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 636
Pro
Episode 24
Introduces the next of the big four conditionals.
Notes: Also includes a section on a special use of this conditional: "if it is X (that you mean / that you want to talk about)."
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 559
Pro
Episode 25
Continues our conditional journey with a broadly useful verb ending.
Notes: Also offers an explanation for why calls to action mostly do not appear with this conditional.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 551
Pro
Episode 26
Introduces the next conditional on our journey.
Notes: Includes several common patterns this conditional is used in.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 591
Pro
Episode 27
Breaks down the places where -tara can mean "when."
Notes: Also includes a special rule about connecting two events in the past.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 465
Pro
Episode 28
Lays down the law on how to say that an action is prohibited.
Notes: Also closes a loop by connecting this pattern to the "may I" pattern. "No, you may not."
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 530
Pro
Episode 29
Flips the script on the previous pattern, allowing us to say that if something is not done, it would be bad.
Notes: Also introduces two styles of contraction commonly seen in these sentences.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 480
Pro
Episode 30
Introduces the patterns for saying a person ought or ought not do something.
Notes: Also considers the difference between this pattern and another common pattern for suggesting a course of action.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 422
Pro
Episode 31
Looks at a word that helps you zero in on one thing by excluding it from a negative statement about everything else.
Notes: Includes a look at the "there is nothing but to do" pattern as well.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 421
Pro
Episode 32
Introduces the causative and shows how to derive it from the dictionary form of any verb.
Notes: Also briefly considers the philosophical question: What really is the difference between causing and allowing?
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 480
Pro
Episode 33
Explains how to use the causative in sentences, including different ways of naming the "causee."
Notes: Also considers ways of differentiating causing and allowing.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 412
Pro
Episode 34
Examines common combinations of the causative with the verbs of wanting, giving, and receiving.
Notes: Starts gently and works up to "We humbly receive your graciously allowing us to take the day off."
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 353
Pro
Episode 35
Looks at the last big use of the causative: speaking of making an intransitive verb happen, which essentially converts it into a transitive verb.
Notes: Also touches on an alternative form for the causative.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 366
Pro
Episode 36
Introduces "conjecture" sou and explains how to use it with verbs, conjugating adjectives, and na- and no- adjectives.
Notes: Also contrasts this sou to "hearsay" sou and to "reliable information" you.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 314
Pro
Episode 37
Looks at using sou phrases with na to describe a noun, and with ni to modify a verb.
Notes: Also looks at a pattern that appears to mean "doing a certain way" but which actually means "acting/behaving in a certain way.
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 261
Pro
Episode 38
Takes up a few special rules about using sou with yoi, nai, and when making negative conjectures.
Notes: Also considers the difference between "It looks like it is not very interesting" and "It doesn't look like it is very interesting."
Editions Status Total Readers
Standard Unread 105